Let’s hit the nail on head. The most important thing you need to know before building a good skin care routine is your skin type. A lots of time we tend to gloss over this fact because all skin looks the same. There are at least 4 basic types of skin which demand different approaches to skin care. The types are Normal/Combo, Dry, Oily and Sensitive.  Knowing which type you have should help guide you to the choice of skincare products you should use. For example, people with oily skin have active sebaceous glands, which make their skin appear shiny and more prone to acne.  Someone with this skin type would not be advised to use oil-based skin care products.  This is why I mentioned in the beginning that your products should be based on your particular skin type for maximum efficiency. Generally, skin types are determined by the natural balance of water and oil in the skin. I’ll be sharing tips on how to identify your skin type and some basic skin care advice based on this.


People with oily skin produce more oil than water in their skin. It makes the skin appear shiny and feel greasy. This skin type is more prone to acne outbreaks. If not taken care of, the skin pores can easily get clogged and enlarged by layers of oil, allowing dead skin cells to accumulate. People with this skin type should look for skin care products that are oil-free or labelled ‘noncomedogenic’, and only use ingredients that are designed to rebalance the level of oil in the skin compared to water. You should also avoid alcohol-based cleansers. They can actually lead to an increase in bumps and enlarged pores. Charcoal is a great natural product that removes toxins from the skin, minimizes the pores and keeps oily skin at bay. People with this skin type should have a professional skin care routine that involves washing the face every morning, evening, and after exercise with a gentle, foaming face wash. You may also want to cut back on foods that are high in fats, sugars and unhealthy oil and replace them with healthy fruits and vegetables instead.



Dry skin is characterized by a lack of water in the skin. Like the name implies, this type of skin looks dry most of the time. It can also feel itchy, look flaky and have fine lines. People with this skin type tend to get dehydrated a short while after cleansing, making them want to reach for the nearest moisturizer. If this is your skin type, you should look for skin care products that are water-based and add moisture to the skin. In making your choice of moisturizer, look for in-between brands when it comes to density. A watery moisturizer won’t keep in the moisture and a heavy moisturizer will make it harder for your skin to shed dead skin cells. You should also exfoliate regularly to remove the dead skin cells that make your skin look flaky.



Strange as it may sound, it is possible to have skin that is both oily and dry. How? Well, some parts of the body have dry skin and other parts have oily skin. This skin type has the right balance of oil and water. People with this skin type often experience dryness on the cheeks, while other parts of the face might be oily. People with combo skin can go for skin care products that are designed for normal/combination skin.  Exfoliation should also be a key part of the skin care routine in order to maintain the balance between the different levels of water and oil on the face.

With this skin type, your professional skin care routine should involve the use of gentle facial cleansers to wipe off the impurities, excess oils and dirt that accumulates over the surface of your skin. Ensure that you avoid touching your face too much as your hands carry germs which you don’t want to introduce s to your face. Combination skin means that you’re prone to having different complexion on your face due to different levels of oil production. To ensure that it stays even, you should use face masks often.



Some of the signs that you have sensitive skin are the tendency of getting redness or flushing, sudden outbreaks of rashes, burning or stinging, dry or flaky patches, itchy skin, occasional swelling or tenderness, sensitivity to sunlight and exposure to the smell of fragrance or perfume can make your eyes tear or cause irritation.

To take care of this kind of skin, your professional skin care routine should include showers with warm, not hot, water. You should also avoid harsh astringents and exfoliants in favor of soaps and detergents that are fragrance free. You should also avoid use of perfumes, in favor of essential oils and limit your time in the sun. Avoid foaming cleansers in favor of moisturizers. 


Generally, for all skin types, one key element in your professional skin care routine is the use of moisturizers. There’s no skipping this part. Regular moisturizing doesn’t just make you feel great, it also ensures that your skin is wrinkle-free and smooth as the years go by. You might not know this, but moisturizing reduces your risk to skin cancer as it helps renew the skin in the most sensitive parts of the body – the face, ears, neck, and chest – which are also the most vulnerable parts in developing cancerous cells.

So, when you decide to develop a professional skin care routine, don’t neglect moisturizing daily-no matter what your skin type.


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